AI’s Achilles Heel: Navigating the Blind Spots of Our Data

by | Aug 24, 2023 | Artificial Intelligence

Futurist Speaker Thomas Frey Blog: AI’s Achilles Heel: Navigating the Blind Spots of Our Data

As we embark on the fourth industrial revolution, one of the significant challenges we face is ‘blind spots’ in AI’s data. These blind spots, essentially areas where the AI lacks sufficient information, can significantly impact the accuracy and applicability of the insights generated. They can also manifest themselves as knowledge gaps in critical areas, ranging from legal frameworks to cultural nuances, geographical variations, and language diversity.

In a world increasingly influenced by AI, these blind spots represent an Achilles’ heel that can undermine our efforts to create truly informed and inclusive AI systems. As AI technologies become more integrated into our everyday lives – whether predicting financial markets, diagnosing medical conditions, or even providing legal advice – the accuracy of the decisions and predictions they make hinge on the breadth and depth of the data they are trained on. If this data is incomplete or skewed, the outcomes will inevitably be flawed, leading to decisions that might be misguided, inequitable, or outright wrong.

Futurist Speaker Thomas Frey Blog: Galileo Era Blindspots

Galileo Era Blindspots

In the era of Galileo Galilei, around the early 17th century, if AI were available, the trial that sentenced him for heresy might have unfolded in far different ways, depending on the available data. Galileo’s radical proposition, arguing in favor of a heliocentric universe contrary to the geocentric worldview held by the Catholic Church, was a pivotal point in the history of science.

Suppose the AI of that time was trained predominantly on religious texts, philosophical works echoing geocentric beliefs, and scarce scientific literature endorsing the heliocentric model. In this scenario, the AI might have mirrored the predominant sentiment of society and the Church. Its lack of access to an extensive body of scientific work supporting Galileo’s views could have led the AI to assert that Galileo’s claims were baseless or radical, reinforcing the Church’s stance. This ‘blindspot’ might have further solidified the opposition to Galileo, potentially leading to an even stricter sentence.

On the other hand, if the AI had been exposed to a balanced data set, including a wider range of scientific observations and arguments supporting the heliocentric model, it could have served as an impartial arbitrator. It could have articulated Galileo’s ideas in a manner more palatable to the Church, focusing on the evidence and the spirit of inquiry rather than the perceived heresy.

In this scenario, the AI could have bridged the gap between dogmatic belief and empirical evidence, potentially altering the course of Galileo’s trial.

Gaping Holes in Our AI Legal Analysis

Artificial Intelligence has increasingly been harnessed to provide legal advice, from understanding contractual clauses to interpreting court decisions. However, a critical limitation constrains the accuracy and relevance of these AI systems: the inability to access all US laws, ordinances, and judicial decisions.

As it stands, the AI knowledge base comprises a fraction of the full breadth of American laws. Even though federal and state laws are mostly available online, a substantial portion of local ordinances, rules, and judicial decisions – particularly from smaller jurisdictions – remain offline. This selective accessibility to legal data creates “blind spots” in AI’s legal knowledge, which may skew the results they produce, leading to potentially incorrect or incomplete advice.

These blind spots manifest in multiple ways. An AI legal assistant may provide advice based on federal or state law while missing a critical city ordinance that could materially affect the advice given. Similarly, an AI trying to predict the outcome of a lawsuit may overlook a relevant judicial decision from a smaller jurisdiction because it’s not in the training data. These discrepancies might not only result in less accurate legal advice but also breed mistrust among users who discover these oversights.

Furthermore, this lack of comprehensive data perpetuates a form of ‘legal centralism.’ The AI’s knowledge is skewed toward laws and decisions from larger, more technologically advanced jurisdictions that have the resources to digitize and publish their legal documents. This bias may reinforce a perception that legal advice or decisions from these jurisdictions are more valid or authoritative, sidelining the legal norms and precedents from less represented regions.

Futurist Speaker Thomas Frey Blog: Urgent Need for Law Repositories

Urgent Need for Law Repositories

Ensuring comprehensive online access to all laws, rules, ordinances, and judicial decisions could significantly improve the AI’s legal advice quality. If cities, counties, states, and federal agencies were required to post all their laws and decisions online, AI models could be trained on a more complete and diverse dataset. This increased accessibility would reduce blind spots and biases, leading to more accurate, comprehensive, and equitable AI legal analysis. However, making this a reality is easier said than done. It requires a significant commitment from every jurisdiction to digitize and update their legal documents regularly. This could be a herculean task, particularly for smaller jurisdictions with fewer resources. It also raises issues of standardization – how do we ensure that documents from thousands of different jurisdictions are in a format that AI can learn from? And what about privacy concerns when it comes to certain judicial decisions? Despite these challenges, the potential benefits are immense. A more complete dataset would allow AI to better understand the intricacies and variations in US law, improving its ability to provide accurate legal advice to users from all jurisdictions. It would also enhance the AI’s ability to identify legal trends, predict court decisions, and even propose legal reforms based on comprehensive data analysis. Moreover, comprehensive online access to legal documents would not only benefit AI. It would also increase transparency, enable citizens to better understand their rights and responsibilities, and facilitate legal research for students, academics, and practitioners alike. Mandating comprehensive online law repositories is a substantial task, but it’s a worthwhile endeavor. It is a step toward a future where AI can provide reliable and equitable legal advice, where every citizen can access their local laws with ease, and where we can harness the full power of AI to understand and improve our legal system. To achieve this, we need cooperation and commitment at all levels of government, from small-town councils to the federal government. This is not just a task for the tech industry but for policymakers, lawyers, and citizens who believe in the importance of accessible, transparent, and equitable law. The task may be daunting, but the potential rewards – for AI and society – make it a challenge worth pursuing.
Futurist Speaker Thomas Frey Blog: Four Laws for Managing the Laws

Four Laws for Managing the Laws

Imagine a legal landscape where every citizen can effortlessly access, comprehend, and be up-to-date with every applicable law. This might sound utopian, but it is achievable with four transformative principles for managing our laws: Public Access Requirement, Sunsetting Laws, Simplification, and the Code of Government Ethics.

Law #1

The Public Access Requirement – This law stipulates that all laws must be centrally located online for public access. Not only does this enhance transparency, but it democratizes legal information, making it accessible to everyone, not just legal professionals. Critically, any laws not posted on this platform would be deemed unenforceable, further incentivizing the thorough and timely online publication of all laws.

Law #2

Sunsetting Provision – The Sunsetting Provision mandates that laws unapplied or unenforced for the past 20 years be deemed unenforceable and removed from the list. This promotes a dynamic, living legal system that responds to societal changes and prevents the proliferation of obsolete laws.

Law #3

The Simplification Mandate – This law tackles another major barrier to public legal understanding: language complexity. By mandating that all laws be written at an 8th-grade comprehension level, we ensure that legal jargon doesn’t alienate ordinary citizens. This principle democratizes legal understanding, allowing everyone to be informed participants in their governance.

Law #4

Code of Government Ethics – Lastly, the Code of Government Ethics states that no governmental entity should profit directly from the enforcement of its own laws. This principle prevents the potential perverse incentive of law enforcement for profit, thereby preserving the integrity of our legal system and protecting citizens’ rights.

These four transformative principles, if adopted, would revolutionize our legal landscape. By ensuring public access, pruning outdated laws, simplifying legal language, and eliminating profit-driven law enforcement, we’d be creating a legal system that truly serves its citizens. The implications for our democracy are profound.

A transparent, accessible, and ethical legal system empowers citizens, fosters trust in institutions, and ensures that our humanity isn’t compromised by skewed incentives. As we leverage AI technologies to manage our legal system, adopting these principles will be instrumental in shaping a fair, just, and democratic future.

Futurist Speaker Thomas Frey Blog: "Ignorance of the Law is No Defense"

“Ignorance of the Law is No Defense” – Really? That Makes No Sense!

One of the longstanding principles in our legal system is the maxim, “ignorance of the law is no defense.” In essence, it implies that individuals are and must be, aware of the laws under which they live, and ignorance cannot be used as an excuse for illicit actions. However, in a system where the full extent of laws is not readily accessible or comprehensible to the average citizen, the application of this maxim becomes problematic.

Today, we face a landscape of laws that is not only vast but also ever-changing and increasingly complex. Given the estimated tens of millions of laws, ordinances, and judicial decisions at the federal, state, county, and city levels, expecting every citizen to be fully aware of every law applicable to them is unworkable. This complexity is further compounded by legal language, often replete with jargon, making laws and their implications even more challenging to comprehend for the layperson.

The traditional notion that “ignorance of the law is no defense” assumes a scenario where all laws are transparent, accessible, and understandable. But this is not realistic. Despite considerable advances in technology and efforts toward transparency, a significant number of laws remain offline or housed within complex and varied formats across jurisdictions. As a result, a wide gap exists between the law in theory and the law in reality – between what citizens are expected to know and what they can feasibly access and understand.

This disparity is especially concerning when you consider the potential for inadvertent law-breaking. An individual or a business may unknowingly infringe a law or ordinance simply because they were unaware of its existence. The consequences can range from fines to more severe penalties, causing significant distress and creating a sense of injustice.

In this context, the assertion that “ignorance of the law is no defense” seems to lack fairness.
Shouldn’t there be a foundational requirement for laws to be readily accessible and understandable before citizens are held accountable to them? This question forces us to reassess the long-held maxim and ponder whether it needs to be adapted to align with the realities of our modern legal landscape.

This isn’t to suggest that individuals should shirk responsibility for their actions but rather to advocate for a more equitable legal system. A system where laws are made readily accessible and understandable to all, thus providing every individual with the means to abide by them.

After all, shouldn’t the fundamental principle of any legal system be not just the enforcement of laws but their understanding and acceptance by the people they govern?

Futurist Speaker Thomas Frey Blog: Integrating AI Into Our Legal Systems

Final Thoughts

By adopting a legal system that is transparent, accessible, and ethical, we pave the way for a society that is fair, just, and democratic.

These Four Laws for Managing the Laws, while ambitious, present an ideal we should strive for. It is an ideal where law is not an abstract or intimidating concept but a living, breathing part of our society. It is an ideal where every citizen, regardless of their profession or education, has access to legal information. It is an ideal where the law is used to protect and serve its citizens, not used as a tool for profit.

As we integrate AI into our legal systems, we must ensure that these principles guide us. AI has the potential to revolutionize the way we interpret and understand laws, but only if we provide it with the right information. Just like Galileo’s era, we are on the cusp of a revolution. It’s up to us to ensure that this revolution is one that benefits all of society. It’s time to rethink our approach, broaden our perspective, and utilize the power of AI to create a fairer, more equitable legal system. Because, at the end of the day, the law serves the people, and the people deserve to understand the laws that govern them.

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